Ralph Copeland (1837-1905)
- A good overview of Copeland's life and career is given in
obituary by J.L.E. Dreyer in the Monthly Notices of the Royal
66, p. 164.,1906.
- Copeland's scientific publications can be accessed via the SAO/NASA
Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
- Information on Copeland's family is given on Eric
site; and also in Fanny Copeland's unpublished
Buzzing Fly" in the ROE Archives.
- An English language account of the Arctic Expedition is
"The German Arctic Expedition of 1869-70 ... by Captain
Koldewey", Translated and abbridged by the Rev . Mercer; London,
Sampson Low, Marston, Low & Searle, 1874
- The geodetic work of the expedition (with maps) is reported
by Borgen in
Astronomischen Gesellschaft, VI, 1871, pp 280-285 available
- Copeland's observations are included in "Observations
of nebulae and clusters of stars made with the six-foot and three-foot
reflectors at Birr Castle, from the year 1848 up to about the year 1878"
by the Earl of Rosse in the Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin
Society, 2, 1-136; 137-78.
- For the observatory at Dun Echt, see "Lord Crawford's
Observatory at Dun-Echt 1872-1892" by H. A. Brück,
in Astronomy Vol. 35, 81, 1992.
- An account of Copeland's astronomical experiments at high
elevation in the Andes is given in Copernicus
Vol III, p. 193, 1884, augmented from his observing note
books in the ROE archives. The same volume of Copernicus (p. 133)
visits to various North American observatories on his way home.
- The travels in the Andes are described in "Reisbriefe aus
Südamerica" pp 105-116 and 219-223 in Deutsche
Geographische Blätter Band VI (1883).
- Copeland's (official) Diary in the ROE Archives from 1891
records his meetings regarding
the design and cost of the new Royal Observatory, and the progress
of the building. Also his visit to observatories in Germany
the fire in the Royal Terrace house.