Ralph Copeland (1837-1905) 
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  1. A good overview of Copeland's life and career is given in his obituary by J.L.E. Dreyer in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society,  Vol. 66, p. 164.,1906.
  2. Copeland's scientific publications can be accessed via the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
  3. Information on Copeland's family is given on Eric Percival's  web site; and also in Fanny Copeland's unpublished autobiography "The Buzzing Fly" in the ROE Archives.
  4. An English language account of the Arctic Expedition is "The German Arctic Expedition of 1869-70 ... by Captain Koldewey", Translated and abbridged by the Rev . Mercer; London, Sampson Low, Marston, Low & Searle, 1874
  5. The geodetic work of the expedition (with maps) is reported by Borgen in Viertelsjahrsschrift der Astronomischen Gesellschaft, VI, 1871, pp 280-285 available on-line
  6. Copeland's observations are included in "Observations of nebulae and clusters of stars made with the six-foot and three-foot reflectors at Birr Castle, from the year 1848 up to about the year 1878" by the Earl of Rosse in the Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 2, 1-136; 137-78.
  7. For the observatory at Dun Echt, see "Lord Crawford's Observatory at Dun-Echt 1872-1892" by H. A. Brück, in Vistas in Astronomy Vol. 35, 81, 1992.
  8. An account of Copeland's astronomical experiments at high elevation in the Andes is given in Copernicus Vol III, p. 193, 1884, augmented from his observing note books in the ROE archives. The same volume of Copernicus (p. 133) descrbes Copeland's visits to various North American observatories on his way home.
  9. The travels in the Andes are described in "Reisbriefe aus Südamerica" pp 105-116 and 219-223 in Deutsche Geographische Blätter Band VI (1883).
  10. Copeland's (official) Diary in the ROE Archives from 1891 records his meetings regarding the design and cost of the new Royal Observatory, and the progress  of the building. Also his visit to observatories in Germany and the fire in the  Royal Terrace house.